In fact, the shift from a criminality of blood to a criminality of fraud forms part of a whole complex mechanism, embracing the development of production, the increase of wealth, a higher juridical and moral value placed on property relations, stricter methods of surveillance, a tighter partitioning of the population, more efficient techniques of locating and obtaining information: the shift in illegal practices is correlative with an extension and a refinement of punitive practices.
Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish. There’s so much more to this quote, I would say just read the book. Foucault talks about how the Western model of punishment in modernity has become a focus on the spirits of the citizenry and how they can be culled and controlled. Very thought-provoking stuff.